What is Yoga?
Yoga is a group of physical, mental and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. There is a broad variety of Yoga styles, the most well-known being Hatha and Ashtanga yoga.
The origins of yoga were most likely developed around the sixth and fifth centuries BC, however the earliest texts describing yoga practices can be credited to Hindus and Buddhists probably around the third century BC. The Yoga ‘sutras’ only gained prominence in the West in the 20th century.
Yoga gurus from India introduced yoga to the west after the success of Swami Vivekananda in the late 19th and early 20th century. In the 1980s, yoga became popular physical exercise. In Indian traditions, however, Yoga is more than physical exercise, it has a meditative and spiritual core.
There are many types of Yoga and the styles vary from one to another as does the teacher, one may suit you more than another. All styles of yoga are based on similar exercises and poses – ‘asanas’, however they can differ in difficulty and vigour, this list starts with Hatha which is the more classical style then from the most vigorous to the more relaxing.
Hatha Yoga, Vinyasa, Ashtanga Yoga, Power Yoga, Bikram Yoga, Jivamukti Yoga, Iyengar Yoga, Anusara Yoga, Sivananda Yoga, Viniyoga, Kundalini Yoga, Yin Yoga, Integrative Yoga Therapy (IYT), Restorative Yoga